What is Periodontal Disease?

It is Never Too Late to Reverse Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is a serious gum condition that damages the soft tissue and can lead to tooth loss. While common, it is largely preventable with proper oral care. There are many stages of periodontal disease. It begins as gingivitis, which is the only reversible stage. Gingivitis is quite common among adults and children of all ages. It involves gum inflammation caused by the accumulation of plaque around the teeth. It causes irritation, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. Gingivitis is a warning sign to take a more proactive role in your oral hygiene routine. Until this stage, no irreversible bone damage has occurred and there is no gum recession. At this point, it is important to visit a professional for a dental cleaning that can remove plaque and restore your oral health before it progresses into periodontal disease. It is also important to commit to daily brushing and flossing to remove the plaque in order to avoid gingivitis.

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into periodontitis, which is the next stage of gum disease. Periodontitis eats away at the bone and connective tissue that hold your teeth in place. At this stage, the inner layer of the gum and bone pulls away from the teeth and harmful bacteria collects in the formed pockets. The plaque spreads below the gum line, which can ultimately lead to tooth and bone loss.

Gum Disease Stages | Alberta Academy of Periodontics | Periodontists | Alberta

Stages of Gum Disease

Gum Disease Stages | Alberta Academy of Periodontics | Periodontists | Alberta
  1. Gingivitis:
    At this stage, gingivitis is reversible with minor dental procedures and proper oral hygiene. If caught at this stage, periodontitis can be prevented.
  2. Periodontitis:
    Immediate treatment is necessary at this stage in order to prevent further damage. While periodontitis cannot be reversed, further bone loss can be slowed down to the point teeth can often be maintained for your lifetime.
  3. Advanced Periodontitis:
    May require more stages of treatment including surgical treatment is to save teeth.

The quicker a periodontist can detect gum disease, the quicker they can refer patients to their physicians if necessary and provide the oral treatment that can help improve certain systemic conditions. As such, it is important to schedule regular and comprehensive exams with a periodontist so they can detect the level of your gum disease and help you begin treatment.

Your Family's Oral Health is Important

The Alberta Academy of Periodontics is here for you! You do not need a referral to contact a periodontist today.

We believe that your oral health deserves the best care and attention possible. If you have any questions or concerns, we encourage you contact your nearest periodontist. They will do their absolute best to respond as soon as possible and solve your periodontal issue.